Printing System Makes High Quality Images (3)

Deal with the normal relationship of color

At present, the color processing of some color prints is very confusing, and the original colors cannot be restored. Many customers (including artists, photographers, and other artists) are not satisfied. One photographer wrote an article specifically: “In color printing, we often see In order to make the picture colorful regardless of the normal relationship between color, regardless of the specific location of a specific color in the picture, all the adjustments are very pure. Although this Yanyanyanyan, but the entire screen appears color messy.

This is currently the majority of operators do not master the standardization of scanning original color separation and lack of artistic understanding of color, just look at the color of the display, subject to arbitrary adjustment caused by, and often adjust the amount of too much, too much. The solution is:

1. Do a good job of standardization and data color management. This is the most important basic work. Even if you use software to automate color management, you must have this foundation, so that the entire process has a stable environment. The method steps are:

(a) First, formulate technical parameters and quality standards for photocopying, printing, and proofing of the subsequent processes, and make them stable.

(ii) Use standard gray scales, color scales, and manuscripts for color reproduction testing to establish a set of gray balance parameter sets to ensure the gray and polychromatic reduction in the original.

(C) establish a color correction on the basis of the input balance of the color correction, to achieve R, Y, G, C, B, M six hue reduction, in order to ensure the original color reduction. After doing the above work, when scanning the color separation, as long as the correct black and white field settings are used, the color tone of the original can be restored, and no or little post-processing is required. The Photoshop software tool is used to adjust to meet the customer's needs. Ask for adjustments to some of the original defects.

2. Take full advantage of the scanner to get the best image, the current image scanning color separation operations will go out of a misunderstanding, that is, the high-end professional scanners and extensions as a simple input device, its powerful professional features are useless Or do not use well, and the black and white field calibration, level adjustment, color correction, clarity of emphasis are all adjusted using Photoshop software tools, which not only adjust the time, quality is unstable, often a person tune a kind, even a person One sample at a time, all sorts of different, and because scanning color separation images have little color-level information, then using Photoshop software tools can not call up a better color hierarchy. What's more, the artistic conception and subtle changes in color levels in the graphic arts such as painting and photography cannot be adjusted.

Many excellent peers in practice have the experience that "to print a good product at the end, all the information needed for the product must be obtained from the original document at the time of scanning. This is like recording. For the music, first the microphone is better, otherwise the quality cannot be discussed."

Nowadays, many good printing units engage in digital color management and adopt the “standardized scanning color separation method for restoring originals” to achieve rapid and good restoration of originals. For this reason, the unit stipulates that customers request to restore the originals and scan the color separations. The image is not allowed to be post-processed and re-scanned if its quality is not good. When the computer is manufactured by Apple Computer, the scanned images of scanners and electric extensions can only be repaired, cut, or subjected to special effects. The level, color, and sharpness of pictures cannot be adjusted, nor can they be enlarged or reduced. This is to improve quality and efficiency. The only way to go.

3. The four ways to deal with color. When adjusting defects such as insufficient local color saturation, you should master the following four methods:

(a) Additions and subtractions cannot be excessive. First, the additive color of the basic color should not be too large. To maintain the level of the basic color, it is not possible to create a level-parallel level due to an excessive amount of color. Secondly, the color amount of the opposite color cannot be too large. To maintain the change in light and shade, light and shadow in color, , can result in simplification of color due to overuse of the opposite color.

(2) Maintain the relation between the color amount and the light quantity level of a color. When adjusting a certain color, the color amount of the bright-tuning portion cannot exceed the color amount of the middle-regulation portion, and the color amount of the middle-adjustment portion cannot exceed the darkness portion. The amount of color, to maintain the color of the color and the light level of light and shade, depth relationship. Some prints now adjust the brightness of the bright part too much and overly bright the color of the dark part, losing the normal relationship of color and giving people an uncomfortable feeling.

(C) master the color space distance changes. In terms of chromatics, our sightlines are affected by the space and atmosphere media, and objects at different distances will undergo different changes in the color of the objects. The near, far, and small objects are the principle of spatial perspective. The closeness of the objects and the distant ones are blurred. The closeness of the color perception is strong and the distance is weak, which is the result of the perspective of the color space. Therefore, when adjusting a certain color, it is necessary to grasp the law of change when the color expresses the spatial distance, which is close to the warm and far cold; the near pure, distant ash; the near-bright, the far-blur, the close contrast, the far The contrast is weak. For example, there is a landscape picture book, in which a scene with a correct tone and rich color changes, the operator added a yellowish-blue color from the distant mountain to a blue-green color, causing a complete distorted color change in the spatial distance. The customer watched and shook his head again and said that the original hue was not met, and the result required rescanning and printing. Practice has proved that it is important to adjust the color according to the variation of the spatial distance of color.

(D) master the law of color warm and cold changes. In the natural scenes of color photography, we find that the color of the light receiving surface of the object is inseparable from the cold and warm changes of the color of the light source, and the color of the dark surface is closely related to the cool and warm changes of the surrounding environment. Therefore, when making color adjustments, it is necessary to grasp the law of color warming and cooling. Pay attention to two issues. Firstly, there are three parts in the light receiving surface: high light, bright surface, and medium tone surface. The hue of the bright surface is mainly the combination of the light source color and the inherent color. The hue is cool and warm, and the light source color is cool and warm; the high light part. The color is generally the hue and color of the light source color; the light received by the adjusting surface in the object image is not direct light, but is side-emitting light. The hue and color are more complex and abundant. The hue is the light source complementary color, the intrinsic color and the ambient color. For the synthesis, the color is dominated by the inherent color. Second, the hue of the dark side of the object image is mainly the mixture of the ambient color and the natural hue. The warm and cold of the hue is shifted by the warm and cold of the ambient color. The color of the dark part always has the complementary color of the light source color. Therefore, it is important to note that the color of the dark tone is by no means a deepening or darkening of the inherent color. The relationship between cold and warm colors in photographic photographs can only be achieved with the standardized scanning color separation method using reconstructed originals. Dealing with people's skin color, there are many problems in the quality of reproduction of half-length portrait images in many periodicals, magazines, pictorials, photo albums, and some advertisements. Some of them are of inferior quality. E.g:

(1) Some skin colors are seriously distorted, and some of the face color has become orange, red brown, and some have become blue, gray and black;

(2) Some skin color is rough, hard disjointed, there is no continuous overtones between light, medium and dark tone, it looks like there is no curve of change; due to the use of GCR technology, the dark part is reversed, and the yellow and red versions are shallow and become only one Deep black version;

(3) Some skin colors due to the use of GCRI technology, causing the dark part of the reversal, the yellow, red version of the shallow, becomes only a very dark version;

(4) Some skin colors clearly show that the school color is wrong. Because the overprint of the Qingban school is excessive, the eyes and the school of the teeth are turned into red flesh, and some of the edges of the hair and the skin color show a circle of black tea.

In addition to some of the original factors, the above problems are mainly caused by improper settings of color separation parameters and improper color processing. The general solution is:

1. Determine the tone of the skin tone. When performing character scanning and color separation, no matter how the manuscript is, it must be processed according to the characteristics of various people's skin colors. First, determine the tone of the skin tone by its age, gender, occupation, origin, ethnicity, and other characteristics, such as children's skin color, to be white and delicate, Delicate and ruddy. The "beauty shot" is a skin color that has been revitalized. The skin is ruddy, the colors are pleasing, and the changes are rich. If the original is color-shifted, it should be corrected according to the characteristics of the skin color of the characters. Only the correctness of the key tone will not cause major distortion.

2. Control dark skin color is not reddish. Most of the original dark skin tone reddish brown color, after the black field settings, Y, M color version darker, the dot value of about 85%, sometimes up to 90%. The C color version is sensitive to red tea and often goes to school. Therefore, for a darker skin tone with a large area, one must pay attention to control the Y and M versions below 80%, generally 75-78%. Because 80% is a dot jump zone, the printed dot is easy to increase; second, the C color version must keep up, and the standard color quantity should be slightly deepened. At the same time, the K version is slightly extended to make up for the C version. The lack of general ratio, if the M, Y color version in 75% -78%, C color version should be 30%, K version is about 25%, so that dark skin color calm.

3. Normalize tone density and control skin tone.

(I) Shunguang Film: Most of the faces are in bright and medium tone, and their color density converted into dot values ​​are mostly in the range of 30% to 45%. Ideally, the normal setting of skin color is better.

(b) Side backlit film: half of the face is in the backlit position, and the density of the middle tone gradually shifts toward the dark side. The key technology here is to control the Y, M color version of the forehead, and the forehead color density of some side backlights is 0.90-0.95, which is converted into a dot value of 51%-53%, because 50% is the offset printing point again. In a jumping zone, the printing outlets increase the most. Therefore, we must pay attention to the Y, M version of the network point value reduced to 45% -48%, in order to avoid this network jump area, so that the forehead color bright, yellow flesh.

(c) Backlights: Faces are mostly backlit, with a high density and dark skin. Forehead position as a control point, the color density converted into dot value, Y, M color version is between 60% -70%, so first, we should use to reduce the level of curve scanning color separation, or scanning Photoshop hierarchical curve In the middle part of the adjustment of the three-color version for lightening (lightening) adjustment, the general should be reduced by 5%, so that even if the skin color density of the product meets the visual effects, but also give the printing network outlets to leave room. 4. Master the continuous overtones of skin tone. When adjusting the tone setting and adjusting with the level curve, it is necessary to grasp the tone of the face skin tone from the bright part to the middle tone part to the dark tone part, and it is not possible to make a hard disjointed tone, especially the tone of the M color version should be softly coordinated. .

5. The correct choice of virtual filter. In theory, what color light is used for the virtual light filter should be based on the original main-tone definition, and the green (G) filter emphasizes the clarity of warm colors. The default scanner and extension are green (G) colors, and some are C=C, M=M, Y=Y, and K=Y. Some Y, M, C, and K color versions are mixed colors of G(5:5). While the skin color requirements are soft and the hair requirements are clear, red (R) filters are preferred. In short, for the scanning and production of images in the prepress system, there is a deep knowledge and experience, and the quality of the film output will directly affect the printing results of the entire image. However, many of the operators in the prepress system nowadays are often difficult to produce high-quality images because of the uneven quality and educational level, as well as the lack of aesthetics, printing knowledge, and image-making experience. This is one of the main reasons why we do not see quality prints in everyday life. To change this situation and improve the competitiveness of enterprises, especially if we face the fierce global competition after joining the WTO, we must demand that all members of the printing industry (especially the pre-press system operators) must be more Diligent study, good at thinking, summing up experience, actively exploring, studying hard and asking more questions, you will be able to master the laws of image production technology and scanning color separation technology, increase awareness of color sensitivity and artistry, improve your aesthetics, and improve quality. To a new level.

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