Wood properties, characteristics and uses commonly used in decoration and furniture

When choosing wood to decorate the living room and making furniture, first of all, it is necessary to have a comprehensive understanding of the performance, characteristics, processing difficulties, decorative effects, etc. of different tree species, so that the materials can be used to the best of their ability, so as to avoid unnecessary Waste.

At present, the tree species used for decoration and furniture production mainly include ash, eucalyptus, camphor, willow, white peony, white birch, fir, pine, red pine, beech, rosewood, and mahogany. In order to correctly identify tree species and rational use of materials, the performance, characteristics and uses of commonly used woods are briefly introduced:

Ash: Its material is slightly hard, the wood is yellowish white to taupe, tough and durable, straight texture, thick structure, beautiful pattern, good corrosion resistance, water resistance, easy processing, but not easy to dry, slightly waxy. Gluing, painting, coloring performance are good, with good decorative properties, is currently used in the production of furniture, flooring and other interior decoration materials.

Elm: Its wood ratio is heavy, its texture is hard, it is light yellow, its shrinkage is large, and its strength is high. The structure is fine, not easy to be sawed, the cutting surface is smooth, easy to crack, warp and deform, and not easy to dry. It is resistant to moisture and abrasion and is not easily glued. Good coloring performance, due to the low price of wood, suitable for the working class. At present, decorative wood flooring is used more.

Toon: Its wood has aroma, hence the name. Citron can prevent and prevent insects. The material is slightly light, the wood is fine, it is not easy to be deformed, the processing is easy, the cut surface is smooth, the gloss is good, the durability is good, the bonding performance is good, and the color after painting is beautiful. It is an ideal material for making boxes and cabinets.

Liu Yan: There are two kinds of white willow, red and red. White willow, thick wood structure, texture straight or beveled staggered, easy to dry and process, and nails, paint, glue and other properties are good; red willow, wood texture is also like white willow, beautiful cut pattern, but dry and processed Harder. The willows are slightly warped and cracked during the drying process. Liu Yan is generally a good material for doors, windows and furniture.

White peony: its wood texture is straight or oblique, the structure is thick, the material is medium, it is not easy to dry, and the processing performance such as gluing and paint is good and it is easy to bend. Suitable for furniture and decorative materials.

White birch: its material is slightly heavy and hard, the structure is meticulous, the mechanical strength is large, and it is elastic. It is easy to warp and dry during the drying process, and has good bonding performance and smooth cutting surface. Poor corrosion resistance and good paint performance. It is a tree for making furniture and decoration.

Chinese fir: Its material is soft, easy to dry, shrinkage deformation is small, no warping, durability is good, easy to process, thick cut surface, medium strength, not resistant to wear. It has good bonding performance and is the most commonly used mid-range wood in furniture decoration in southern provinces.

Pine: The wood is rough, the texture is straight, and there is a rosin smell. The strength is better than that of Chinese fir and it is flexible, but it is difficult to process. The disadvantage is that it has strong shrinkage, is easy to be deformed, is prone to mildew after being damp and is susceptible to termite erosion, and is suitable for construction and decoration.

Beech: Produced in the Yangtze River basin and south of the region, shade-tolerant, warm and humid climate, slow growth, straight wood texture, fine structure, easy processing, glued, paint performance, for the production of furniture, flooring and other decorative.

Pinus koraiensis: Produced in Changbai Mountain and Xiaoxing'an Mountains in the northeast, it has strong cold tolerance. The wood is soft and delicate, with straight texture and strong corrosion resistance. It is used for making high-quality materials such as ceiling wood keel, door, frame and furniture frame.

Sleeve wood: mainly produced in Southeast Asia, Myanmar and Thailand, the wood is yellowish brown to dark brown, shiny, the strings often have black stripes, the surface touches the oily feeling. The new cutting surface has a leathery odour and is a valuable floor material.

Rosewood: The wood is shiny, the texture is straight, oblique or staggered, and the structure is fine and uniform. Slow drying, good performance, resistant to heartwood, beautiful and elegant longitudinal pattern, easy to process, smooth cut surface, good bonding, good paint effect, strong nailing, suitable for high-grade furniture and decorative materials.

Redwood: It is prolific in Southeast Asia, and it has also been introduced and cultivated in Guangdong and Yunnan. The heartwood and sapwood are distinctly different, the sapwood is narrow, grayish white, and the heartwood is yellowish red to red. It becomes purple-red when exposed to the air. The wood pattern is beautiful, the material is hard and durable, the drying is slow, the processing is difficult, the cut surface is smooth, and it is suitable for rotary cutting. Adhesive, good paint performance, strong nailing, excellent materials for valuable furniture and arts and crafts.

In general, natural wood has excellent performance, especially in medium and high-grade wood. The pattern is beautiful and natural, and the decorative effect is remarkable. It cannot be replaced by other materials in furniture and interior decoration materials.

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